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Everything You Need to Know About Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a situation in which stomach acid and other contents from the stomach flow backward into the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms. GERD affects millions worldwide and can cause many bothersome symptoms such as heartburn, chest pain, difficulty swallowing, and regurgitation. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments available for GERD.

What Is GERD?

GERD is caused by an abnormal flow of gastric acid from the stomach into the esophagus. This reflux is due to a malfunctioning lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which fails to close correctly after swallowing food or liquids and allows acidic stomach contents to enter the esophagus. Over time, this chronic flow of gastric acid can cause inflammation and damage to the esophagus lining, resulting in uncomfortable symptoms such as heartburn.

Symptoms of GERD

The most common symptom of GERD is heartburn, which is described as a burning sensation that begins in the chest area behind the breastbone and spreads upwards toward the neck. Other common symptoms include a sour taste in the mouth, chest pain/discomfort, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness/chronic cough/voice changes, feeling like a lump in your throat, and regurgitating food or bitter liquid.

Causes of GERD

There are several potential causes for GERD, including lifestyle factors like being overweight or obese; smoking; drinking alcohol; eating certain foods like chocolate or spicy foods. Taking certain medications, such as ibuprofen or aspirin, and having a hiatal hernia can also contribute to GERD.

In addition, few people may be genetically predisposed to develop GERD. Other medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, and pregnancy can also increase the risk of GERD. All in all, GERD is a very common disorder, and it can have serious health consequences if it is left untreated.

Diagnosing & Treating GERD

If you have any combination of these symptoms, you must see your doctor immediately, as they may be GERD-related signs or complications. Your doctor will perform a physical exam, ask about your diet and lifestyle habits, and request diagnostic tests such as an upper endoscopy or barium swallow.

Treatment for GERD usually involves dietary and lifestyle modifications as well as medications to reduce the amount of stomach acid. In some cases, surgery may be recommended. So by, knowing how long GERD last will help you in a better way to treat it. Remember to always talk to your doctor before beginning any treatment plan.


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is where stomach acid and other contents from the stomach flow backward into the esophagus, which causes heartburn and other symptoms. Therefore, seeing a doctor for gastroesophageal reflux disease in Las Cruces is vital to get the right diagnosis and treatment. You should also take care of your diet and lifestyle habits to reduce or prevent any recurrence of GERD symptoms. Good luck!

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